Breast cancer is a formidable adversary, but one that can be overcome with expert medical care and a supportive network. Sushant Lok is home to several leading oncologists specializing in breast cancer, offering state-of-the-art diagnostics, treatment plans, and comprehensive patient care.
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a form of malignancy that originates in the cellular structures of the breasts. It is the second most common cancer among women, although it can also occur in men. The disease begins when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control, forming a tumor that can often be seen on an X-ray or felt as a lump.
The tumor is malignant if the cells can grow into surrounding tissues or spread to distant areas of the body. Early detection and effective treatment are critical factors that can significantly improve the chances of recovery.
Some of the most common symptoms include lumps or swelling in or around the breast, changes in the shape or size of the breast, skin irritation or dimpling, nipple discharge other than breast milk, and redness or scaliness on the skin. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to consult a doctor immediately. Dr. Deepak Jha is one of the most renowned breast cancer doctor in Sushant Lok who can provide timely, accurate diagnosis and treatment for this disease.
Types of Breast Cancer:
Breast cancer can manifest in different forms, each with its unique characteristics and treatment approaches.
- Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): This is a non-invasive or pre-invasive breast cancer. Here, the cells lining the ducts have transformed into cancer cells, but they have not spread to surrounding breast tissue.
- Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): Also known as Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma, this is the most common type of breast cancer. It begins in the breast's milk ducts and can spread to other parts of the breast tissue.
- Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): This type of cancer starts in the breast's milk-producing glands, known as lobules. It can infiltrate surrounding breast tissue.
- Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS): While not a true cancer, LCIS involves abnormal cell growth in the lobules. While it doesn't spread, it increases the risk of developing invasive cancer in either breast later on.
- Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: This aggressive type of cancer is characterized by the absence of three common receptors known to fuel breast cancer growth—estrogen, progesterone, and HER2/neu.
- Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC): IBC is a rare, aggressive form of breast cancer that causes the lymph vessels in the skin of the breast to become blocked.
Understanding the type of breast cancer is crucial in determining the most effective treatment strategy. Doctors like Dr. Deepak Jha of Sushant Lok possess the expertise to diagnose these types accurately and guide the patient through the necessary treatment process.
Stages of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is categorized into different stages based on the size of the tumor and the extent to which it has spread. Dr. Deepak Jha is breast cancer doctor in Sushant Lok have a deep understanding of these stages and are well-equipped to guide patients through diagnosis and treatment planning.
- Stage 0 (DCIS): This earliest stage of breast cancer is non-invasive, with cancer cells confined to the ducts in the breast and not spread to the surrounding tissue.
- Stage 1: This stage has two sub-stages. In Stage 1A, the tumor is up to 2 centimeters in size and hasn't spread outside the breast. In Stage 1B, small clusters of cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes.
- Stage 2 This stage is also classified into Stage 2A and Stage 2B, based on the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to the lymph nodes.
- Stage 3: Known as locally advanced cancer, Stage 3 consists of Stage 3A, Stage 3B, and Stage 3C. These stages involve larger tumors and greater spread to nearby lymph nodes.
- Stage 4: Known as metastatic cancer, Stage 4 breast cancer has spread beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes to other organs in the body, usually the bones, lungs, liver, or brain.
Causes of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer develops when certain cells within the breast begin to increase in an uncontrolled manner. These cells multiply more quickly than normal cells, leading to the accumulation and formation of a mass or lump. The exact cause of breast cancer remains unclear, but certain factors are known to increase its risk. These include aging, being female, personal or family history of breast disorders, inherited genes that increase cancer risk (BRCA1 and BRCA2), exposure to estrogen over a long period, obesity, and excessive alcohol consumption.
It's important to note that having one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean you will develop breast cancer, just as being free of risk factors does not guarantee you won't get the disease. Regular check-ups and maintaining a healthy lifestyle are beneficial for early detection and prevention. Consult with Dr. Deepak Jha is breast cancer doctor in Sushant Lok for further information on risk factors and prevention strategies.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
The signs and symptoms of breast cancer can vary significantly, but there are some common indications to watch for. Awareness of these signs can facilitate early detection, which is pivotal in successful treatment. Here are the key symptoms:
- Changes in the appearance of the breast: This could include any unexplained change in the size or shape of the breast, such as swelling, shrinking, or asymmetry.
- Lumps or nodes felt on or inside of the breast: A lump that's painless, hard, and has irregular edges is more likely to be cancer, but breast cancers can also be soft, tender, or rounded. Therefore, it's important to have anything unusual checked by a healthcare professional like Dr. Deepak Jha.
- Irritation or dimpling of breast skin: Sometimes, the skin of the breast can become irritated, dimpled, or puckered like the skin of an orange, a symptom also known as peau d'orange.
- Breast or nipple pain: While it can be a symptom of various conditions, persistent pain in the breast or nipple can also be a sign of cancer.
- Nipple retraction (turning inward): A nipple that suddenly starts to turn inward can be a symptom of breast cancer.
- Nipple discharge other than breast milk: This could involve bloody discharge or any clear or colored fluid.
- Scaling, peeling, or flaking of skin on the breast or nipple: This could lead to redness or pitting of the skin in the breast area, similar to the texture of an orange
If any of these symptoms are observed, it is crucial to seek medical advice promptly. Dr. Deepak Jha in Sushant Lok is a trusted medical professional who can provide the necessary medical attention and care.
Dr. Deepak Jha: Expert Breast Cancer Doctor in Sushant Lok
Located in the heart of Sushant Lok, Dr. Deepak Jha is a renowned professional specializing in breast cancer treatment. Acknowledged for his profound understanding of the disease, Dr. Jha offers extensive care, right from early detection to comprehensive treatment plans.
He provides patients with personalized attention, ensuring they receive the best possible care tailored to their specific conditions. His approach combines state-of-the-art technology with warmth and empathy, making him the go-to specialist for breast cancer consultations in the region.
Whether it's diagnosis, treatment, or follow-up care, he is committed to ensuring the health and well-being of his patients. Don't hesitate to schedule an appointment with him at Sushant Lok for any breast cancer concerns or queries. Early detection and prompt treatment can make all the difference in the fight against breast cancer.